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Kad Be jostr bepeyvandid Alefbye Prsiye Jahni
  Nevetrh Alefbye Prsi-Arabi
  Nevetehye xod r baryamn beferestid Hamgardne Prsiye Jahni be Prsi-Arabi
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Prsiye Jahni y Prsi-Arabi: Gerdvardeye didghhye gungun:
Dovrih, kambudhvo picidegihye dabireye Prsi-Arabi
vandhyi bar zedde degarguniye dabireye Prsi-Arabi va psoxhyi bednh
vandhyi bonydi barye jygoziniye dabireye Prsiye Jahni
Dovrih, kambudhvo picidegihye dabireye Prsi-Arabi:

1. Dnejuyi ke dustre fargiriye basandeye dabireye Prsi-Arabi bad, byad emlye picpice hameye vžehvo dasturhye dovr n r be yd beseprad. Ostdi dar nevetano xndan be dabireye Prsi-Arabi nazdik be 9 sl kueo azxodgozategi niyz drad. Barye hamin ast ke darsade bozorgi az mardome bsavde Irn, be saxti mitavnand asarhye bozorgne adabe Prsi con Golestno Bustne Sa'di, Masnaviye Balxi, y hnmeye Ferdowsi r bilaqze bexnand. T be nj ke, darsade omdeyi az in bsavdn dar xndane maqleye ruznme bz mimnand y dar nevetane en laqzehye emlyi mikonand.

2. Alefbye rasmiye Prsi-Arabi 34 nevise va 9 nemd drad. n 34 nevise mitavnand, bastegi be jyan darune vže, dar kol 118 cehreye gungun be xod begirand. Dar miyne in oftegi cand neviseye "vre" niz hastand ke be guneye rasmi dar in alefb emorde nemiavand, va tanh dar vžehye Arabi yfte migardand. Pas omreye nevisehye in alefb r mitavn 42, 44, 46 t 131 barvord kard.

Nemunehyi az in nevisehye vre:
alefe kuth (y maqsure) hamcon dar "Is", y "Mus". Teye gerd "" hamcon dar "deratolmaref".

3. Kamsiye vkehye kuth: vkehye kuthe a, e, va o darune vžeh nevete nemiavand. Gahghi, beviže barye sde kardane xndan barye kudakno now-muzn, 3 neneye jodgne nemudre in 3 vke, dar zir y zabare vže nahde miavand. B nabudane in 3 vke farguyee vžeh besyr dovr va tanh b dnee piin emknpazir ast. Farguyee doroste vžehye now y bigne emknpazir nist. Kamsiye in vkeh bes miavad ke vžehye besyri b farguyehye gungun b yekjur eml nevete avand. Tanh juri ke mitavn in vžeh r az yekdigar bz enxt, az zamine y bfte jomleyist ke dar n padidr migardand.

Nemunehyi az vžehyi ke emlye yeksn vali farguyei digar drand:
(sar y ser y sor), (dar y dorr), (rastam y rostam).

4. Vojude hamxnhyi ke tanh dar vehye Arabi yfte miavand: dar Arabi in hamxnh vyi vieye xod drand, vali dar zabne Prsi farqi miyn vyan nist. In yeki az dovrihye besyr bozorge in dabire ast, va tanh rhe fargiri az bar kardane elmye vehst. Hamxnhyi ke dar Prsi vyi motarak drand:

s: ,
h: ,
z: ,
t: ,
' :,
q:

Nemunehyi az vehyi ke drye hamxnhye Arabiyand:

(sad), (rzi), (towr), (ra'd).

5. Dar miyn 33 neviseye alefbye Prsi-Arabi, tanh 17 cehre r mitavn bz enxt. Hamegiye nevisehye in alefb b afzudane xajakh (noqteh) va sarkajh bar cehrehye gungun, sxte odeand. In xod sarcameye besyri laqzehye emlyist.

6. Preyi az nevisehye alefb cehrean bastegi be in drad ke dar kojye yek ve vqe avand. Dar qz, miyn, y pyne ve, y jodgne nevete avand.

omreye nevisehyi b cehrehye gungun az biineye 4 hamcon:

b:

t kamineye 2 hamcon

d:

taqyir mikonad.

7. Darune yek ve, preyi az neviseh byad casbide be neviseye piin va/y pasin band, vali preyi digar nabyad.

8. Nevisehye (vv) va (ye) peydarpey dar zabne Prsi padidr migardand.

Neviseye (vv) mitavnad nemudre vhye "o", "u", "v", "vu", va "ow", y be kolli xmu bad. In viegi be tanhyi sarcameye besyri az farguyehye ndorost ast. Barye mesl, be ndorosti, veye kohane "Faravahr" be "Foruhar", "mozdvar" be "mozdur", va "ranjvar" be "ranjur" degargun ode ast. Be tzegi bahsi qz ode ke y vehyi con "xosrow" y "now" r byad b "w" fargoft y na, con "ow" va "o" r neviseye take "vv" bz nemud mikonad. Hamn jur ke entezr miravad, bz nemud kardane cand v b tanh yek nevise bese emlye yekjur miyne vehyi b farguyehye gungun miavad.

Hamnande:
("to" y "tu"), ("jow" y "ju"), ("jur" y "jowr"), ("ur" y "owr") va besyri digar.

Nemuneye vve xmu: ("xvb" ke "xb" xnde miavad) va besyri digar.

Naviseye (ye) niz mitavnad vhye "y", "i" va "iy" r bz nemud konad. Conin bznemudhye candgne bese picidegihye harce bitare emlyi odeand, con az eml tanh nemitavn be farguyee ve pey bord.

Mnande:
("sir" y "seyr"), ("dir" y "deyr") va besyri digar.

9. Besyri az vehye Prsi (be dabireye Prsi-Arabi) be neviseye "h" pyn miyband. vye in nevise yeksn ast, magar inke dar pyne ve jy begirad. Hamxne "h" vye xod r hamconin dar pyne ve negh midrad y inke tabdil be vkehye "e" y "a" miavad. Dobre b mas'aleye yekjur emlyiye vehyi b farguyehye gungun ruberu miavim.

Mnande:
("be" y "beh" y "bah"), ("na" y "noh" y "neh"), ("ke" y "keh" y "kah" y "koh") va besyri digar.

10. Hampyegiye "-e" peydarpey dar zabne Prsi yfte miavad. B in hl y nevete nemiavad (be dalile kamsiye vkehye kuth) y be cehreye (ye) y (hamze) padidr miavad, hangmi ke be donble veyi ke b "e" y "a" pyn miybad qarr begirad.

Mnande:
do jur nevetane y (xneye man).
11. Vojude ivehye gungune negre con: ekaste, nasx, nasta'liq, va digarn. Byad inj guzad kard ke inh nmhye kelkhyi gungun nistand, balke ivehye negree kmelan jodgneand. Matnhye ekaste y nasta'liq r bar ruye internet (www) nemitavn nen dd va byad be cehreye tasvir nemudr kard.
12. Bar xalfe nevetehyi be dabireye Ltin ke neviseh dar goruhhyi yekprce qarr migirand, dar nevetehye Prsi-Arabi neviseh az ham parkandeand. In be xtere dalile omreye 7 ast ke nen dd ke preyi az neviseh be yekdigar casbide va preyi jod az ham nevete miavand.

Mnande:
(bdn), (kale), (adab) va besyri digar.
13. B dabireye Prsi-Arabi veh az rst be cap nevete miavand, vali omreh az cap be rst. Conin nszgri mitavnad tanh myeye kami ranje bad, y sarcameye qalathye farvne emlyi va boqranjihyi dar negree madrakhye elmi, riyzi, y nevetehyi ke vegn b omreh dar mixteand.
14. B dabireye Prsi-Arabi, nmenegrihye elektroniki niyz be kibord, viryegar, va venegrni vie drad. B be kr bordane kiborde ma'muli nemitavn az mnhye vieye nmenegri con "HOTMAIL" y "YAHOO!", nmehye elektroniki ferestd.
15. Dabireye Prsi-Arabi b hickodm az narmafzrhye besyr farvni ke barye dabireye Ltin nevete miavand kr nemikonad. Inh mele narmafzrhyi hastand ke be jure xodkr tasvirhye matnhye gungun r be xode matn bar migardnand. Conin narmafzrhyi barye matnhyi be dabireye Prsi-Arabi besyr nyb, gernbah, va por az qalat hastand. Hamingune mele narmafzrhye tabdile v be matn y matn be v niz miband, ke be hic vajh b matnhye Prsi-Arabi kr nemikonand.

16. Vojude hicgune sanjeyi barye bz nemud kardane elektronikiye matnhye Prsi-Arabi.

4 jure gungun barye negtane elektronikiye matnhye Prsi-Arabi vojud drad:

1) Yunikowd (Unicode)
2) Vindowze Arabi (Arabic Windows) - B Netskeyp (Netscape) kr nemikonad
3) Kelkhye besyr farvn barye Vindowz va Apel (Apple)
4) Kelkhye Yuniks (Unix).

Dar zemn, nabudane yek sanjeye ddegni va bznemude matnhye Prsi bese saxtih va dovrihye fanni barye viryegarno szandegn va myeye darde sare krbarn ode ast.

Barye nemune:
Niyz be kelkhye gungun barye xndane mnhyi be matne Prs-Arabi. Emkne inke motorhye jostojuyi conin matnhyi r ndide begirand ziyd ast.
Vbastegi be nemdhye Yunikowd va Vindowz ke dar darajeye naxost barye zabne Arabi sxte odeand, b taqyirhye kucaki barye zabne Prsi. Dar natije conin matnhye elektronikiyi cehreyehyi Arabi be xod drand va mnande matne Prsi nistand, con kue bar in bude ke in matnh harce bitar mnande kelkhye Arabi band. Taxis ddane nevisehye vieye Prsi, dar in matnh besyr dovr ast.
Sxtane conin ddegnh va motorhye jostojuyi barye matnhye Prsi, bedune hic sanjeyi, kri besyr picide ast.

17. Dasturhye boqranj darbreye "jodyi" (fsele) dar Prsi-Arabi. In dasturh hamconn bese boqranji dar bz nemud kardane doroste vehye Prsi xhand od. iveye doroste emlye Prsi-Arabi niyz be 3 jodyiye vie, alve bar jodyiye ma'muliye miyne veh drad. In jodyih gozreye zirand:

  • Nimjodyi (ZWNJ):
    Dar nevetehyi be dabireye Prsi-Arabi, nevisehye donble ham dar veh be yekdigar mipeyvandand. Vali dar nevetane barxi pivandh, pasvandhvo vehye dar ham mixte, az in peyvand b afzudane yek nemde Yunikowd jelowgiri miavad, bi inke jodyi miyne do neviseye donble ham be vojud biyyad.

    Mnande:
    Ndorost (jodyiye ma'muli)
    Ndorost (bijodyi)
    Dorost (B nimjodyi-ZWNJ)

  • Peyvastr (ZWJ):
    Dar dabireye Prsi-Arabi nevisehye jod nevete ode be cehreye "jod"ye xod negte miavand. Besyri hangmh negrande xhne nevetane neviseye jodgne be cehrehyi digar con qzin, miyne, y pynist.

    Mnande (kuthnevisiye Hejriye amsi):
    "he"ye ndorost (jodyiye ma'muli)
    "he"ye dorost (peyvastr-ZWJ)

  • Peyvastre brik (NNBS):
    Pinahd ode ke dar dabireye Prsi-Arabi niyz be yek jodyi miyne vehyist ke pahntar az "peyvastr" vali briktar az jodyiye ma'muli bad. Agar vehyi ke drye conin peyvastre briki hastand dar pyne xat jy girand, az ham gosixte naode, va hamvre yek veye peyvaste xhand mnd. Badbaxtne hamaknun kelki ke conin neneyi r dr bad vojud nadrad.

    Mnande:
    Jodyiye ma'muli
    Nimjodyi

Dasture be kr bordane nimjodyi byad, ham bar ruye Internet va ham dar iveye negre, kmelan ps dte avad. Agar in dastur anjm nagirad, afzude bar mas'alehyi ke bar rasi odand, yek ve emkn drad cand veye jodgne, y cand ve b yekdigar dar mixte, be cehreye yek ve be cam biyyand. Dovrihyi ke jodyihye gungun padid vardeand, kre bzensiye nevetehye Prsi r az suye ryne, besyr picide kardeand.

Mnande:
(druxne), (pordarmad).

Be kr bordane alefbye Ltini niyz be jodyihye gungun r az miyn bardte, tanh jodyiye ma'muli r dr xhad bud.

18. Barye dastrasi be pyeye ostdi dar negree Prsi-Arabi, niyz be dnestane hameye yinhye biomr va picideye in dabire ast. Nazdik be hameye yinhye emlyi drye yek y cand estesn hastand. Na tanh dnee conin yinhye biomri emknpazir nist, ejr kardane hamegiyan niz nmomken ast. Bar emoradane yinhye emlye Prsi-Arabi niyz be daftarceyi 35 bargi drad. Conin daftarceyi [1] paz az slh jostro pauhe az suye ostdn be negre dar mad. Vali na tanh psoxguye dovrihye in dabire naod, balke porsehye bitari be vojud vard. Digar mowredhye zir hamegi az in daftarce gerefte odeand.
19. Tanh yinhye be kr bordane neneye "hamze" 5 barg az daftarceye 35 bargi r be xod gerefte ast.

Dasturhyi ke barye be kr bordane hamze faride odeand az picdarpictarin yinh hastand. In nene r mitavn 5 jure gungun nevet. B in hl, bastegi be jye hamze darune ve, mitavnad cehrehye gunguni ham be xod begirad. Be hamin dalil, preyi veh mnande y (mas'ale) va y (mas'ul) r mitavn 2 jur nevet. Hamngune ke dar bl ydvari od "hamze" va neviseye "eyn" ghi vye motaraki drand. Mnande hamze dar (raas), va eyn dar (raad).
20. Besyri az vehye Arabi ke dar Prsi andar odeand, yinhye emlyiye xi r negah dteand. In bz myeye arfnyiyo picidegiye harce bitare saxtihye emlye Prsi-Arabi ode ast.

Barye nemune: nevete odane ejbriye (teye gerd) dar (saqatoleslm) ke be teye ma'muli dar vehye (zakt) y (mekt) tabdil miavad. Y neviseye "ye" b alefe kuthi daruna ke tanh dar pyne veh jy migirad va dorost mnand neviseye alef () fargofte migardad. Ghi niz alefe kuth be dalilhyi miyoftad. In myeye laqzehye farguyei miyne vehyi con (Ali) va (Al) y (avvali) va (owl) miavad. Neneye "tadid", agar gozte naavad, bese karavi dar xndano farguye migardad.

Nemune: (moayyan) va (moin).
21. Bar pyeye dasture emlye Prsi-Arabi, ziro zabar (e'rb) byad dar jhyi ke niyz bedin hast nevete avand. Conin yini hamie emknpazir nist. Bevie dar nevetrhye Interneti ke besyr kamyband. B inke vojude ziro zabar be farguyee dorost yri mikonad, dar zemn bese darham barhamiye matn migardad, va b xajakhvo sarkajh dar miymizad. Barye hamin dalil ast ke kamtar dar nevetehye cpi, mnande ketbhvo ruznmeh, be cam mixorand.
22. Neviseye Prsi-Arabiye "v" agar pi az "u" qarr begirad bese estesnye emlyi miavad. Sarcameye in estesn in ast ke "v" va "u" dar in dabire hardo b yek nevise (vv) bznemud miavand. Porsei ke rox midahad in ast ke y conin vehyi r byad b yek y do vv nevet. Psoxi ke ostdne dasture eml midahand n ast ke bitar hangmh byad b do vv nevet con (tvus), va gahghi niz b yek vv con (Dvud)!

23. Pasvandh ghi peyvaste nevete miavand va ghi jodgne. In bastegi drad be neviseye naxostine pasvandh va vpasine veh. Barye nemune veye "arjomand (arj+omand)" byad peyvaste nevete ode va "b bn" va "barq s" jodgne. Ghi pasvande "vr" casbide negte miavad, hamcon (bozorgvr), "sugvr", "xnevr", va ghi jodgne hamcon (tuti vr), "ferdowsi vr", y "pari vr".

Manteqe conin yinhyi tanh bar pyeye zibenxti nahde ode ast!

yinhye digari ke angizeye zibenxti drand:

"-tar" va "-tarin" byad jodgne nevete avand magar dar: behtar, mehtar, kehtar, bitar.
Va "-ce" niz byad jodgne nemudr gardad magar dar: "nce", va "cennce".
Pasvande jam'e "-h" byad jodgne bad magar dar: "inh" va "nh".

24. Pivande "bol" ke az Arabi gerefte ode be do rave nevete miavad. B ravee sdeye Prsi, y bar pyeye ravee emlyiye Arabi, vali na hardo. Ham emlye (bolhavas, be ravee sdeye Prsi), va ham (bolhavas, be ravee picideye Arabi) dorost hastand. Vali emlye sdeye (bolqsem) ndorost ast va byad be cehreye (bolqsem) nevete avad.

Dovriye bozorgi dar be kr bordane pivande "be-". In pivand byad be gahve (fe'l) bepeyvandad, mnande "begoftam", "beravam", "benamyad", "bexrad", "bej", vali byad jodgne nevete avad agar nmve (esm), qeyd, y sefat bad, mnande "be sarbordan", "be vze boland", "be dast vard", "be saxti", "be haq".

Estesnhyi darbreye emlye pivandh:

"Bi-" hamie jodgne nevete miavad magar dar: "bihude", "bixod", "birh", "bicre", "binav".
"Ham-" byad hamie peyvaste nevete avad mnande: "hamye", "hamsang", "hamsye" dar vehyi ke drye "hamze" hastand mnande: "ham rzu", va "ham rmn".
"Ce-" byad hamie jodgne nevete avad magar dar: "cer" va "cegune".

25. Vehyi ke az cand ve sxte odeand byad behampeyvaste, vali ghi niz byad jodgne nevete avand. Barye nemune: "hoyr", "sekanjabin", va "behnm" byad behampeyvaste, vali "del angiz", "aqab oftdegi", "kam ehss" byad jod band be dalile vojude nevisehye qzine a, o, y e. Vehyi con "yin nme", "pk kon", "cub bori" niz byad jodgne nevete avand be xtere vojude nevisehye hamtye qzino vpasin (con "n", "k", va "b"). Vehyi ke az cand veye tekrri sxte odeand con "kam kam", va "tak tak", byad jodgne nemyn gardand. Hamingune veye "sangin rangin".

Vehyi ke yek y cand veye farangi r far migirand byad jodgne nemyn gardand, mnande "xo poz", va "ik pu"! Vehye Arabiyi ke az cand ve bar p odeand niz byad az ham jod negte avand, mnande "ma' zlek", "men ba'd", "en allh", "ma' hz". In yin byad dar breye vehyi ke fargirandeye omre hastand niz be kr baste avad, mnande "panj tan", "haft gonbad", "hat behet", "noh falak". Estesnhye in yin: "yeksuye", "Yekanbe", "yekabe", "yeksare" hastand ke byad peyvaste nevete avand.
26. Be xtere vojude candin hamxn ke vhye yeksn drand, y hamxnhyi ke monhaser be Arabi hastand va farguyee Prsi nadrand, omreye bozorgi az veh mitavnand candin jure gungun nevete avand.

Barye nemune:
zuqe, q, establ, empertur, belit, boqce, tanbur, tq, tabar, tapidan, tarz, tufn, qaltidan, qti, qobd, howle, luti, estaxr, tb, toxrestn, tus, tahmsb (va ghi tahmseb), moqn, va besyri digar.
27. Sardargomiye biazandzeyi dar mowrede miyngire "y" vojud drad. y byad in miyngir r be kr bord, hamcon dar "zibyi (b y)", y nabyad be kr bord va dar jya yek hamze gozt, hamcon dar "zibi (b hamze)".

Nemunehye farvni vojud drand, mnande "tanhyi" y "tanhi", "Orupyi" y "Orupi", ....
28. Agar niyz bad byad neneye zir r barye hampyegiye "-e" be kr bord.

Bz ham byad guzad kard ke conin yini amali nist, bevie dar mowrede matnhye elektroniki va cpi.

Mnande:
y "asbsavri" ast y "asbe savri"? Be dabireye Prsi-Arabi bz enxtane in do ve niyz be dnestane zaminevo bfte jomle drad.
29. Yeki az nemdhye dabireye Prsi-Arabi tanvin ast. Tanvin r miavad b nemde vieye xod "an", y "on" nemudr kard, y be yri neviseh nevet, hamcon "-an" va "-on".

In myeye dognegiye preyi emlh miavad.
Vbaste:

[1]Baxi az Nmeye Farhangestn (Esfande 1378) - neveteye Farhangestne Zabno Adabe Prsi dar breye dasture dabireye Prsi-Arabi va yinhye n - (Angizeye in daftarce smn ddan be nhanjriye vaz'e emlye Prsi-Arabist, vali bes ode ke in darham barhami bitar kr avad).  
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